Community Based Disaster Risk Management Program

Community Based Disaster Risk Management is a process, which leads to a locally appropriate and locally “owned” strategy for disaster risk reduction. Disaster risk mitigation refers to measures taken to prepare for and reduce the effects of disasters. That is, to predict and—where possible—prevent them, mitigate their impact on vulnerable populations, and respond to and effectively cope with their consequences. Disaster preparedness is best viewed from a broad perspective and is more appropriately conceived of as a goal, rather than as a specialized programme or stage that immediately precedes disaster response .It is a perspective that essentially needs to be built into development and rehabilitation programmes to achieve disaster resistant development. Disaster preparedness is also achieved partially through readiness measures that expedite emergency response, rehabilitation and recovery and result in rapid, timely and targeted assistance. It is also achieved through community‐based approaches and activities that build the capacities of people and communities to cope with and minimize the effects of a disaster on their lives.

This CBDRM workshop conducted by JICA and CDA in collaboration with RRD,DMH and GAD with the aim of enhancing knowledge and understanding among the Village Tract Disaster Preparedness Committee VTDPC members and local authorities about the CBDRM and its relationship with community’s wellbeing and sustainable development.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purpose:

The purpose of the workshops is to build the capacity of the VTDPC members from 3 pilot villages at advance level on CBDRM. This training would help in enabling VTDPC members, village administrator and 100 household leaders to effectively participate in CBDRM Planning process. This training will further strengthen the capacity of the organizational staff at the advance level on Inclusion of vulnerable groups in CBDRM, Community managed Implementation, and advocacy for sustaining community based DRR.

 

Objectives:

  • To train the VTDPC members and village authorizes persons on an advance level training that acquaint them with knowledge & increase their intellectual capacity on CBDRM.
  • By the end of the training the participants would be able to develop a CBDRM plan at community level.
  • Further Participants would be able to effectively deliver the learning among the targeted communities.

Content of the program

Day

Content of the program

time

lecturers

 

1st

 

・Basic information about disaster (Pictures and video of baseline)

・Disaster in Ayeyarwaddy Region

・CBDRM overview(Disaster Management Course)

・6 steps of CBDRM (2) Socializing Community

‐Vulnerability Assessment

‐Community Resource Mapping

‐Seasonal Calendar

1hr

1hr

1hr

 

2-3hrs

VTDPC

VTDPC

VTDPC

 

VTDPC

2nd

 

・6 steps of CBDRM (3) Participatory Community Risk Assessment

 -Town watching overview lecture

‐Town watching implementation

‐Creation of community hazard map)

・6 steps of CBDRM (4) Participatory Disaster Risk Management Planning

 -Action plan such as evacuation plan, and management of shelter

4hrs

 

 

 

3hrs

p>

VTDPC

 

 

 

VTDPC

3rd

 

・6 steps of CBDRM (5) Community Managed Implementation

(Training of First aid and SAR)

・6 steps of CBDRM (6) Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation

・Selection of pilot infrastructure project

4hrs

 

 

1hr

 

3hrs

VTDPC,MRCS, Fire brigade etc.

 

VTDPC

 

VTDPC

4th

 

Preparation of community evacuation exercise

・Community early warning

・Evacuation

・SAR/First Aid

・Relief material/distribution

・Shelter Management

Group works

1hr

1hr

1hr

1hr

1hr

1hr

1hr

VTDPC,MRCS, Fire brigade etc.

 

 

 

 

5th

 

Community evacuation exercise

 

AM: Rehearsal

(Overall explanation, rehearsal by groups)

PM: Implementation of exercise

  Evaluation of drill

3hrs

 

2hrs

1hr

VTDPC

 

VTDPC

VTDPC

Participants of the workshop

 

Participants

Target

ž Villagers in pilot villages 50 persons×3villages

Lecturer/ Resource persons

ž Village Tract Administrator (Facilitator) 1 person

ž Village Tract Disaster Management Committee(Facilitator) 10 persons

ž Ayeyarwaddy Region RRD,RRD in selected District 2 persons

・ TDMC in township (GAD and other disaster related agencies) 3 persons

・ NGO s(MRCS, Action Aid etc) 3 persons